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Contributors to adolescent obesity and social networks: Adolescent Obesity and Social Networks

Like childhood.

William Thompson
Saturday, May 23, 2020
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  • All data were collected in Spanish by trained data collectors at the community recreation center at baseline and at completion of the 3 month intervention.

  • Parents Excessive caloric intake and a lack of physical activity can serve as role models, especially for younger children are 2 major environmental causes of adolescent overweight.

  • Accessed 2 Jan

  • Multicollinearity Analysis In SEM analysis, multicollinearity among latent variables is a serious problem. Table 4 Factor loading analysis of the research latent variables.

Relevance of Social Networks for Adolescent Obesity

That is, the positive 3-cycle effect represents a pattern in which person A selects person B, person B selects person C, and person C selects person A. View at: Google Scholar K. Lamb, and K.

  • All schools were contacted by phone and email to explain the project objectives and request collaboration for this research.

  • Lau D. The authors at tempted to control for this by including aspects of the built environment as covariates in their prediction model.

  • Childhood obesity often causes complications in a child's physical, social and emotional well-being.

  • Among these statistical modeling techniques, regression bivariate or multivariate is the most widely used to analyze child obesity modeling. Social ties in the control condition increased despite limited social interaction during the study period.

  • Interventions based on the communal coping model could Recommendation 3: Design support mechanisms for par- initially focus on facilitating communication among house- ents and adult family members on the basis of their social hold members and educating them about their shared risk ties within the community.

Proc Natl Acad Sci. Methods To address this gap in developing an integrated and holistic conceptual approach, a critical interpretative synthesis was undertaken following a line of argument synthesis as an analytical strategy. Participating in a group-level intervention resulted in new social network formation. Stacy, J.

In building this nascent network focus in the field, it is necessary to unpack more of the mechanisms by networks social networks influence obesity with a view to developing network-based obesity interventions that alter, nurture or harness these mechanisms [ 32 ]. Pietrobelli, and M. This could reflect the fact that our study population, with low acculturation, feels socially isolated and yearns for connections with other Latinos in the same stage of life. Thus, this CIS aimed to generate concepts and theory where those concepts could be integrated and interpreted rather than summarising data per se.

Child feeding practices and perceptions of childhood overweight and childhood obesity risk obesoty mothers of preschool children. Eakin, S. Birch et al. Moreover, socio-cultural factors were described in 13 articles [ 27454849505152535455565862 ], showing negative effects on health in most of the examples. Constraint is a relative measure based on the extent to which actors have transitive or intransitive ties. Obesity and overweight.

Publication types

N Engl J Med. To be positive role models for the children aodlescent their homes, adult family members may need to change their own lifestyles. Copyright notice. For example, social pressure by close contacts friends or family at micro-level has shown typically positive results in this review [ 51535462 ].

Studies of adolescent tion about a health problem, such as contributors to adolescent obesity and social networks risk factors, social networks have identified the extent to which clique 2 shared appraisals of the problem, and 3 development formation, the tendency for people to form social ties with of cooperative strategies to reduce negative impact Data on height and weight were collected via parental self-report, and Datar and Nicosia also measured height, weight, and body composition in a subset of adolescents. Thus, when faced with a shared health problem, a cooperative approach to address the problem that involves Mutual friendship ties, not merely biological family or family and friends may be particularly effective Download Free PDF. Christakis N, Fowler J. Obesity ;16 12

Commun Theory Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med ; 3 Heritability of food pref- weight, diet, and physical activity among overweight erences in young children. This information can be used to determine the promotion. The authors had access to these data, but they did not provide any indication of the association between multigenerational development of obesity in the parent and child dyad.

Nonetheless, Swindle et al. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Twitter Facebook Email. Network content refers to attitudes, emotions and behaviours flowing between network members [ 23 ]. AR and MCP revised all versions of the manuscript for important intellectual content and approved the final version.

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As a consequence, developing multi-agent coalitions considering cross-level influences between the data-driven themes are two mechanisms that are created to understand more in-depth how social networks and the environment influence the adoption of obesity-related behaviours. Save Preferences. PLoS Med. Abstract Through public health studies, specifically on child obesity modeling, research scholars have been attempting to identify the factors affecting obesity using suitable statistical techniques. Halliday and S.

Christakis and Fowler showed that development of obesity is more contagious than reduction of obesity, which suggests that pediatricians may play a greater role in the prevention of obesity in adolescents than in the treatment of obesity. Similarly, contributors to adolescent obesity and social networks school-based intervention that does not consider the familial social environment or interper- Primary prevention efforts may be more effective if they sonal influences within the neighborhood or community focus on the home environment. In press. The authors acknowledge challenges in accounting for all aspects of the shared environments, as research has shown that inadequate evaluation of the shared environment can lead to faulty conclusions about social contagion of adolescent obesity, as well as other problems. The authors implied that living in proximity to a greater proportion of people who are obese can lead to overweight or obesity, perhaps by common social norms associated with obesity. Network perspectives will continue to advance the study Recommendation 4: Use peer networks to encourage of childhood and adolescent overweight.

Remember me on this computer. For example, using cnotributors social network composition of the family, the functional significance of approach, cohesive subgroups of friends within neigh- family ties, and the way social influence functions in each borhoods and communities could be identified for health family. Several genes isolated through these studies, including FTO 5 and MC4R 6may eventually The prevalence of overweight among children has tri- help scientists to explain the global scale of the obesity pled in the last 40 years. This software, developed by their own lifestyles. Similarly, a school-based intervention that does not consider the familial social environment or interper- Primary prevention efforts may be more effective if they sonal influences within the neighborhood or community focus on the home environment.

Obesity and impact of three levels of social media use 2—3 h per day, 3—4 h per day and more than 4 h per day on BMI is the same. Yet, at the same time, one can see an increased number of triangles in the posttest networks in comparison to the pretest network, indicating the tendency toward transitive closure. View author publications. This may be because overweight and obesity, which in many cases, accompanies type 2 diabetes, might be the precipitating factor.

This illustration shows how social networks contributorw children than considering the complex social environment that and parents interconnect with other social contexts that are important to might surround children and their families. Such knowledge ated risk factors such as overweight, which will provide can lead to the design of culturally appropriate interven- an opportunity for families to communicate about contrbutors tion materials, which can then be implemented according shared risks Pediatricians could also help parents understand the influence of adults or peers on their children, and attempt to enhance relationships that may be protective against the social contagion of obesity. The authors had access to these data, but they did not provide any indication of the association between multigenerational development of obesity in the parent and child dyad. Thus, when faced with a shared health problem, a cooperative approach to address the problem that involves Mutual friendship ties, not merely biological family or family and friends may be particularly effective Genome-wide association studies have located common genetic variants associated with fat mass, weight, and sus- Introduction ceptibility to obesity. Thus, we recommend that interventions have been largely focused on treatment interventions focus on 3 settings simultaneously Figure of childhood overweight but not primary prevention.

In: Tercyak K, editor. Classrooms and community settings are ideal for such activities. Nftworks authors at tempted to control for this by including aspects of the built environment as covariates in their prediction model. The success of communal cop- influences on the child outside of the school setting; and ing depends on cooperative support mechanisms. Social network approaches can contribute to to prevent overweight. This information can be used to determine the promotion.

  • Mazur A. Given the evidence that social ties are implicated in the gaining and reduction of weight, the use of social networks in interventions is potentially a novel and useful means of tackling this health issue.

  • Thus, we recommend that interventions have been largely focused on treatment interventions focus on 3 settings simultaneously Figure of childhood overweight but not primary prevention. Heritability of food pref- weight, diet, and physical activity among overweight erences in young children.

  • Children Unhealthy Food Intake.

  • Need an account?

  • Influence of parental attitudes in the development of children eating behaviour.

Social ties iors that may reduce their risk. A population-based study netwrks practice. Adolescent Obesity and Social Networks. Telephone: Team-based physical activity has been effective for Christakis and Fowler showed that development of obesity is more contagious than reduction of obesity, which suggests that pediatricians may play a greater role in the prevention of obesity in adolescents than in the treatment of obesity.

Save Preferences. Thus, the analysis is focused on friendship ties. Crawford and R. Recommendation 2: Tailor family-based interventions to the structure of the family. In-home obesity prevention in low-income infants through maternal and social transmission.

Self-Regulation, Motivation, and Psychosocial Factors in Weight Management

Network perspectives will continue to advance the study Recommendation 4: Use peer networks to dontributors of childhood and adolescent overweight. Prev Chronic Dis obesity risk 4but environmental influences can augment ;6 3. From a communal coping perspective, individuals define themselves in terms of their interconnectedness and rela- tionships with their family, friends, neighbors, and com- Adolescent Overweight and Social Networks munity. Koehly, PhD, National children pairs Adolescent overweight is largely a product of familial Adolescent obesity and social networks.

All data were collected in Spanish by trained data collectors at the community recreation center contributors to adolescent obesity and social networks baseline and at completion of the 3 month intervention. There is a specific gap in the literature regarding what and how social network properties and processes together with environmental and individual factors influence the adoption of positive and negative obesity-related behaviours in adults. Networks are formed by individuals and the ties among them and thus, it is relevant to continue the description of networks by examining simple properties or measurements of these social structures [ 86 ]. The data-driven themes meso-micro network processescontextual and individual factorsand types of ties and properties were identified individually as components and causes of different health scenarios. Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions and emerging confluences, revisited. Figure 1 shows the analysis process based on the Taguchi method. The SEM output yielded significant effective variables on child obesity and the Taguchi method introduced a pattern based on a combination of significant variables that lead to high BMI in children.

Yet, at the same time, one can see an increased number of triangles in the posttest networks in comparison to the pretest network, indicating the tendency toward transitive closure. Figure 1. PLoS One. Isolation has been identified in this review as one of the main issues in ORBs. The micro-level is represented more than the meso-level -mentioned in 21 articles [ 1827454849505152535455565758616264656668 ] with 13 articles identifying social support as an essential network process for the adoption of healthy practices [ 184849505153545556576465 ].

Introduction

Prev Chronic Onesity ;5 2 7. This illustration shows how social networks of children than considering the complex social environment that and parents interconnect with other social contexts that are important to might surround children and their families. Sallis JF, Owen N. This information can be used to determine the promotion.

  • This illustration shows the pathways through which increased risk due to shared genes, environment, and behavior may lead to the process of communal coping. The main objective of this study was described in two main sections.

  • Network perspectives will continue to advance the study Recommendation 4: Use peer networks to encourage of childhood and adolescent overweight. Pediatricians may want to refer families with multigenerational obesity to experts in behavioral interventions or to incorporate interventionists in their primary care practices.

  • To avoid the risk of missing relevant information, other strategies have been used to fit better with the exploratory nature of the aim [ 42 ]. However, to develop a research framework for obesity Hall et al.

  • All schools were contacted by phone and email to explain the project objectives and request collaboration for this research. Everett, and L.

Is obesity contagious? Cultural and sociodemographic factors are associated with the way families are organized, the social significance of food, food preferences and eating behaviors, and the way children are socialized. Trogdon, J. An intervention that focuses on the family system will have limited success without consideration of the social influences on both parents' and children's behaviors outside of the family context.

Questions social network approach is a Abstract relational perspective that frames research involving indi- viduals and their families and communities, in ahd The prevalence of overweight among children world- to the methodologic tools that are used in social network wide is growing at an alarming rate. Physiol Behav ; African American girls. Cultural attitudes toward 7. Several genes isolated through these studies, including FTO 5 and MC4R 6may eventually The prevalence of overweight among children has tri- help scientists to explain the global scale of the obesity pled in the last 40 years.

Background

Therefore, obesity and social identification, classification and integration of all these factors at different levels might develop pathways in which they are dynamically related in order to influence the adoption of positive and negative ORBs in adults and have the basis to create public health-policy relevant interventions. Similar efforts can motivate communication about shared risk factors among friends in neighborhoods and communities, leading to shared appraisals among those who are socially connected. View at: Google Scholar T.

  • Obesity is a leading public health challenge in developed and developing countries.

  • In press.

  • These two new constructs point to a dynamic multilevel set of influences between multiple constructs data-driven themesdeveloping scenarios where positive and negative health results are identified.

  • Built environments can limit or facilitate relationships are the conduit to behavior change among levels of adolescent physical activity. Cooperative support also can be geared toward problem-focused coping by addressing dietary behavior and physical activity.

Adolescent Obesity and Contribuyors Networks Preventing chronic disease, Langdon D, McManus S. The idea that obesity is contagious and can be spread like a virus was a brilliant analogy that provided a convenient rubric for people to understand that obesity could be transmitted to other individuals. The associations remained, suggesting that commonalities in obesity were owing to more than common exposure to similar environments.

A buddy system between people who were previously unconnected has Author Information been successful in reducing social isolation; this peer- teaching intervention involved older-younger school- Corresponding Author: Laura M. A social network approach is a Abstract relational perspective that frames research involving indi- viduals and their families and communities, in addition The prevalence of overweight among children world- to the methodologic tools that are used in social network wide is growing at an alarming rate. J Nutr Educ Behav ; Parental obesity is a main risk factor for development of obesity in childhood, and pediatricians may want to take a family-based approach to preventing obesity, providing counseling to parents to change their behaviors to increase the resilience or immunity of the family to the potential adverse effect of the social contagion of obesity. Young children often model motivate the perception of risk of overweight as a house- the health behaviors of parents and other adults in their hold-level problem, warranting a household-level solution.

Young children often model the health behaviors of parents and other adults in their lives 18 They included information regarding paper reference and setting, Dixon-Woods et al. Childhood obesity: Evidence-based guidelines for clinical practice — Part one. Use of formative research and social network theory to develop a group walking intervention: Sumter County on the move!

  • Kang Y. In the current study, child BMI was considered instead of weight.

  • A formative assessment can eluci- efforts.

  • Care Scholars.

  • The authors acknowledge challenges in accounting adolescenf all aspects of the shared environments, as research has shown that inadequate evaluation of the shared environment can lead to faulty conclusions about social contagion of adolescent obesity, as well as other problems. Although recent data suggest epidemic and the biological mechanism for the heritability that childhood overweight rates have begun to plateau, of obesity in families.

To browse Academia. This approach is easy to implement, has been effective in smoking preven- Acknowledgments tion interventions 25and has the potential to increase physical activity among adolescents. Figure 1. Christakis N, Fowler J. Network medicine — from obesity to the Yeh S, et al.

Like childhood. First, Christakis and Fowler showed that social distance, but not geographical distance, was associated with obesity. This illustration obbesity how social networks of children than considering the complex social environment that and parents interconnect with other social contexts that are important to might surround children and their families. All News. Capitalizing Likewise, early childhood activity levels translate into on these interpersonal relationships may enhance the similar patterns of physical activity during adulthood

1. Introduction

Cult Sociol. Based on the SEM analysis outputs, the significant variables in obesity modeling were extracted and the Taguchi experiment was designed. Discussion The main objective of this study was described in two main sections.

If the goal of the pediatrician is to contributkrs weight, rather than prevent obesity, in the child, there are considerable data showing that family-based behavioral treatment is social networks for weight loss in both the parent and child and is associated with a strong correlation between child and parent change. Also, if social contagion is having an effect, you would expect the longer the exposure, the greater the risk, which is what they found. Ecological models of health behav- spective. Playgrounds that multiple members within a particular social network, are accessible via sidewalks and safe intersections have such as families Like childhood.

Also, be sure your child sees the contributors to adolescent obesity and social networks for well-child checkups at least once a year. Moreover, the size of the network is relevant for positive and negative effects [ 276465 ]. Bottero W, Crossley N. Another study found similarities in the consumption of sweet foods and fast foods and types of physical activities among male friends, and female friends were similar in the time spent on computer-based leisure activities However, given that behavioral intervention trials often occur in a group context [ 22 — 24 ], measuring the development of new social networks and the ties that result is warranted. The data analysis includes two main parts.

This figure illustrates that all research group variables have acceptable AVE values. For example, using a social network approach, cohesive subgroups of friends within neighborhoods and communities could be identified for health promotion. In contrast, social media can also have negative effects.

A social network approach to research and intervention design obesity and PEER REVIEWED for social contexts such as family, schools, neighborhoods, or communities, adoleecent how people are interconnected and influence one another. Physiol Behav ; African American girls. Am J Clin Nutr genomics and the family. Adolescents can be engaged in the process of gath- date shared beliefs and behaviors of families that may not ering family health history of chronic illness and associ- be apparent through structural analysis.

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Both primary yo and high school students were considered for the data collection. Higher positive feedback was received from Twitter followers, and thus greater attempts at weight loss have been reported. Journal overview. Testing for influence effects was outside the scope of this paper. Background Obesity is a leading public health challenge in developed and developing countries. However, given that behavioral intervention trials often occur in a group context [ 22 — 24 ], measuring the development of new social networks and the ties that result is warranted. Valente, S.

Fowler, and N. Also, be sure your child sees the doctor for well-child checkups at least once a year. Epstein LH, Wen X. Several genes isolated through these studies, including FTO 5 and MC4R 6may eventually help scientists to explain the global scale of the obesity epidemic and the biological mechanism for the heritability of obesity in families. Nevertheless, these drivers do not act on their own.

The time interval chosen was the year as there are relevant seminal papers from this date. Additionally, the identification and visibility of influential individuals e. Train peer leaders within friendship networks as lay adolecsent advisors Organize physical activity among members of adult friendship networks Provide neighborhood or community-based health seminars aimed at informing friendship networks about obesity-related risk factors and health concerns Introduce neighborhood meal planning and preparation activities. The presence of negative effects on health included isolationdescribed as a high-risk factor of developing unhealthy behaviours [ 515561 ] and a variety of diet Table 3T7.

Journal of Obesity

In press. Table Table. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.

Christakis and Fowler showed that development of obesity contrigutors more contagious than adilescent of obesity, which suggests that pediatricians may play a greater role in the prevention of obesity in adolescents than in the treatment of obesity. The communal coping framework. Similarly, a school-based intervention that does not consider the familial social environment or interper- Primary prevention efforts may be more effective if they sonal influences within the neighborhood or community adolescent obesity on the home environment. Thus, we recommend that interventions have been largely focused on treatment interventions focus on 3 settings simultaneously Figure of childhood overweight but not primary prevention. A social network approach is a Abstract relational perspective that frames research involving indi- viduals and their families and communities, in addition The prevalence of overweight among children world- to the methodologic tools that are used in social network wide is growing at an alarming rate. With this information, the authors could have established whether an increase in obesity was owing to social contagion if they moved from an area with a low prevalence of obesity to one with a greater prevalence of obesity, or a reduction in obesity if they moved to an area with a lower prevalence of obesity. A buddy system between people who were previously unconnected has Author Information been successful in reducing social isolation; this peer- teaching intervention involved older-younger school- Corresponding Author: Laura M.

The synthesizing argument created during the analysis process might be considered by health policy-makers, who might need to contemplate the wider open system of socially connected individuals and harness these forces to design new interventions where social networks and other contextual and individual factors operate together in a complex multilevel environment influencing obesity-related behaviours and practices. Eating disinhibition, susceptibility to hunger, and eating in the absence of hunger all appear to be biologically heritable traits. Saturation in qualitative research: exploring its conceptualization and operationalization. These kinds of advertisements are not limited to TV, but are also found on the Internet and particularly in current mobile telephone applications. In two separate models, we tested a whether parents tend to form ties with other parents who have a similar BMI, and b whether parents tend to form ties with other parents who have children with a similar BMI. References 1.

Meso level influences on long term condition self-management: stakeholder accounts of commonalities and differences across six European countries. The key to activating communal coping is to develop common appraisals of a shared health threat among group members. Figure 5. Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year. Andreyeva T.

Children healthy Food Intake. The use of this analysis strategy conrributors deal with quantitative data could be questionable due to the lack of reviews that integrate qualitative and quantitative data with which to compare. However, those outputs are not able to answer the following question: The combination of what levels or categories of independent variables leads to dependent variable higher or lower values optimization? Gefen D. Chandrasekar V.

Adolescent Obesity and Social Networks. Aunchalee Palmquist. A population-based study of practice. To browse Academia.

Interventions based on the communal coping model could initially focus on facilitating communication among contrihutors members and educating them about their shared risk of disease. This affirms that structural and functional characteristics of social networks together with environmental and personal factors may contribute to health behaviours [ 919293 ]. Consequently, focus should be geared toward preventing child overweight and obesity. Contributor Information Laura M. In this review, ties are understood as the links between individuals [ 20 ].

Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year. To date, household-based interventions have been largely networkx on social networks of childhood overweight but not primary prevention. DOCX 33 kb. Steglich, and M. Common variants near MC4R are associated with fat mass, weight and risk for obesity. The rise in incidence three-fold over thirty years has led to an increase in health services expenditure. For example, regarding negative effects, gendered norms are included in some communities which may impact through presenting a barrier to be overcome in order to perform physical activity Table 3Q

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For example, regarding negative effects, gendered norms are included in some communities which may impact through presenting contributors to adolescent obesity and social networks barrier obeisty be overcome in order to perform physical activity Table 3Q Fowler, and N. Influence of the source of social support and size of social network on all-cause mortality. Citations 1. The second part introduces the Taguchi method as a realistic and reliable approach to exploring which combination of significant variables leads to high obesity levels in children.

Data on height and weight were collected via parental self-report, and Datar and Nicosia also measured height, weight, and body composition in a subset of adolescents. Social network approaches can contribute to to prevent overweight. JAMA ; 20 Telephone: Team-based physical activity has been effective for

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In press. There are 3 other areas to consider when interpreting this study. This process should engage multiple family members and not be sockal to an at-risk child and the Preventing childhood overweight is likely to have the primary caregiver. Langdon D, McManus S. This illustration shows the path- ways through which increased risk due to shared genes, environment, and behavior may lead to the process of communal coping.

A buddy system between people who were previously unconnected has Author Information been successful in reducing social isolation; this peer- teaching intervention involved older-younger school- Corresponding Author: Laura M. To be positive role models for the children in One model for developing risk assessments based on fam- their homes, adult family members may need to change ily risk is Family Healthware. To browse Academia. The idea that obesity is contagious and can be spread like a virus was a brilliant analogy that provided a convenient rubric for people to understand that obesity could be transmitted to other individuals. The authors acknowledge challenges in accounting for all aspects of the shared environments, as research has shown that inadequate evaluation of the shared environment can lead to faulty conclusions about social contagion of adolescent obesity, as well as other problems. This approach is easy to implement, has been effective in smoking preven- Acknowledgments tion interventions 25and has the potential to increase physical activity among adolescents. Genomic risk information for

Publications

Am J Public Health. Application of taguchi method in optimization of process factors of ready to eat peanut Arachis hypogaea Chutney. London: NICE;

  • Family Socio-Economic.

  • Eating disinhibition, susceptibility depression 3. Such knowledge ated risk factors such as overweight, which will provide can lead to the design of culturally appropriate interven- an opportunity for families to communicate about their tion materials, which can then be implemented according shared risks

  • In the third step, random sampling was used to select participants from volunteer parents.

  • Social networks and social norms are associated with obesity treatment outcomes.

  • The first section introduced an obesity model for primary and high school students by applying SEM.

Cooperative support also can be geared toward problem-focused coping by addressing dietary behavior and physical activity. Playgrounds betworks multiple members within a particular social network, are accessible via sidewalks and safe intersections have such as families Obesity ;16 12 Team sports for overweight chil- ;93 11 Motivating overweight youth to participate in National Human Genome Research Institute, Bethesda, these team-based activities may require special support, Maryland.

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In this issue of JAMA Pediatrics, Contributors to adolescent obesity and social networks and Nicosia present an innovative natural experiment to study whether adolescent and parental obesity spreads in social net- works. By using the within the family. Playgrounds that multiple members within a particular social network, are accessible via sidewalks and safe intersections have such as families This approach is easy to implement, has been effective in smoking preven- Acknowledgments tion interventions 25and has the potential to increase physical activity among adolescents. Social Foundation. The authors at tempted to control for this by including aspects of the built environment as covariates in their prediction model. Parents Excessive caloric intake and a lack of physical activity can serve as role models, especially for younger children are 2 major environmental causes of adolescent overweight.

However, in the high school group the risk is 8. Valente, K. A critical perspective. To avoid the risk of missing relevant information, other strategies have been used to fit better with the exploratory nature of the aim [ 42 ]. In Figure 9the double arrow represents the covariance among latent variables.

Remember me on this computer. First, Christakis and Fowler showed that social distance, but not geographical distance, was associated with obesity. Although challenging, physical activity efforts among adolescent friends. Classrooms and community settings are ideal for such activities.

England: NHS; Qual Res. Dietary behaviours, impulsivity and food involvement: Identification of three consumer segments. Find articles by Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi. Thus, different agents were identified at two levels of analysis meso and micro levels.

Increased encouragement and social support among friends Increased physical activity Increased consumption of healthy foods. To date, netwworks interventions have been largely focused on treatment of childhood overweight but not primary prevention. New Engl J Med. Standardized data extraction templates were created to represent and make more visible data from the qualitative, mixed-methods and quantitative studies see Table 2. This strategy would simultaneously increase physical activity levels, encourage positive peer influences on weight reduction, and reduce social isolation 3. Privacy Policy Terms of Use.

From questionnaires distributed to primary schools and to high schoolswere completed and returned from primary schools and from high schools. Networks are formed by individuals and the ties among them and thus, it is relevant to continue the description of networks by examining simple properties or measurements of these social structures [ 86 ]. Implementation science, 9 1p. Laura M. To explore such effects, future health studies should include social network data.

  • These maps illustrate several points: First, some study participants already knew each other at baseline.

  • We discuss the use of a social network approach may contribute to the development of networkx through the in interventions for adolescent overweight by considering interaction of biological, behavioral, and environmental 1 recent developments in the science of obesity genetics, factors. Young children often model motivate the perception of risk of overweight as a house- the health behaviors of parents and other adults in their hold-level problem, warranting a household-level solution.

  • During this visit, the doctor measures your child's height and weight and calculates his or her BMI. Children healthy Food Intake.

  • Crawford and R. Davis RL, et al.

Young children often model motivate the perception of risk of overweight as a house- the health behaviors of parents and other adults in their hold-level problem, warranting a obesity in america research questions solution. Built environments can limit or facilitate relationships are the conduit to behavior change among levels of adolescent physical activity. Download pdf. Need an account? Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidem- Erlbaum; Thus, when faced with a shared health problem, a cooperative approach to address the problem that involves Mutual friendship ties, not merely biological family or family and friends may be particularly effective

  • Recommendations "R1" through "R4" to prevent and control adolescent overweight. The network facet of social pressure showed dual effects [ 4951535462 ].

  • Social psychological the structure of the family. Built environments can limit or facilitate relationships are the conduit to behavior change among levels of adolescent physical activity.

  • While many obesity interventions occur in a group setting, underlying group structure and group processes are not documented in the scientific literature.

  • Although there is adllescent that early environment 2 the importance of social context, 3 communal coping as influences the expression of obesity, very little research a mechanism for behavior change within social networks, elucidates the social context of obesity among children or and 4 specific recommendations for using social networks adolescents. A buddy system between people who were previously unconnected has Author Information been successful in reducing social isolation; this peer- teaching intervention involved older-younger school- Corresponding Author: Laura M.

More than 4 h per day. Four main terms were developed to cover the key elements of the aim of this review: obesity, long-term conditions, social networks and health behaviours see Table 1. Cooperative support also can be geared toward problem-focused coping by addressing dietary behavior and physical activity. Polfuss ML, et al. Preliminary finnish measures of eating competence suggest association with health-promoting eating patterns and related psychobehavioral factors in 10—17 year old adolescents. Based on Figure 4most primary school students Application of taguchi method in optimization of process factors of ready to eat peanut Arachis hypogaea Chutney.

The authors conrributors challenges in accounting for all aspects of the shared environments, as conyributors has shown that inadequate evaluation of the shared environment can lead to faulty conclusions about social contagion of adolescent obesity, as well as other problems. Playgrounds that multiple members within a particular social network, are accessible via sidewalks and safe intersections have such as families A short summary of this paper. If the goal of the pediatrician is to reduce weight, rather than prevent obesity, in the child, there are considerable data showing that family-based behavioral treatment is effective for weight loss in both the parent and child and is associated with a strong correlation between child and parent change. Obesity- Evidence for a strong genetic influence on childhood related behaviors in adolescent friendship networks. In this issue of JAMA Pediatrics, Datar and Nicosia present an innovative natural experiment to study whether adolescent and parental obesity spreads in social net- works. We discuss the use of a social network approach may contribute to the development of obesity through the in interventions for adolescent overweight by considering interaction of biological, behavioral, and environmental 1 recent developments in the science of obesity genetics, factors.

This process should engage multiple family members and not be limited to an at-risk child and the Preventing childhood overweight is likely to have the primary caregiver. Another study health history, along with shared behaviors and familial found similarities in the consumption of sweet foods and environments, must be considered in efforts to prevent fast foods and types of physical activities among male and treat obesity 8. They also collected objective and self-reported data on built environment, and had data on how long the families lived in the new community, and whether they lived on or off the military installation.

  • At study conclusion, intervention group members had developed more friendship ties compared to the control group 6. From a health policy perspective, it might be relevant to modify contextual and individual factors such as paying greater attention to how we can create or modify infrastructures and environments to practise physical activity or enhance the self-efficacy of avoiding unhealthy practices e.

  • J Adolesc Health.

  • Measuring the Indicators 3. In recent decades, a new modeling application, structural equation modeling SEMhas been applied in child obesity analysis studies [ 44 ].

  • Figure 1. Koehly, PhD, National children pairs

Although recent data suggest epidemic and the biological mechanism for the heritability that childhood overweight rates have begun to networks, of obesity in families. In the current study, Datar and Nicosia have data only on geographical, not social, distance. Its use in obesity prevention is novel, been associated with higher levels of physical activity because it prioritizes relational over individual processes. The idea that obesity is contagious and can be spread like a virus was a brilliant analogy that provided a convenient rubric for people to understand that obesity could be transmitted to other individuals. Several genes isolated through these studies, including FTO 5 and MC4R 6may eventually The prevalence of overweight among children has tri- help scientists to explain the global scale of the obesity pled in the last 40 years. Mahwah NJ : Lawrence 1. Physiol Behav ; African American girls.

We discuss the use of a social network approach may contribute to the development of obesity through the in interventions for adolescent overweight by considering interaction of biological, behavioral, and environmental 1 recent developments in the science of obesity genetics, factors. Social ties iors that may reduce their risk. Like childhood. Table Table.

To guard against differential drop out between intervention and control groups, we offered a brief school readiness program as an alternative to the active intervention [ 31 ]. Doub et al. Thousand Oaks: Sage; Social relationships and healthful dietary behaviour: evidence from overs in the EPIC cohort. JMIR Res.

Social relationships analysis. Motivating overweight youth to participate in National Human Genome Research Institute, Bethesda, these team-based activities may require special support, Maryland. This illustration shows the path- ways through which increased risk due to shared genes, environment, and behavior may lead to the process of communal coping.

New York: Oxford University Press; The sessions were didactic and conducted in Spanish by the same facilitator who conducted the intervention sessions. The impact of three levels of social media use 2—3 h per day, 3—4 h per day and more than 4 h per day on BMI is the same. Consequently, focus should be geared toward preventing child overweight and obesity. Normality Testing In SEM analysis, kurtosis and skewness are the most familiar indices for normality testing.

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Connect with us. Social psychological the structure of the family. Br J Nutr ;99 Suppl 1 obesity in america research questions This approach is easy to implement, has been effective in smoking preven- Acknowledgments tion interventions 25and has the potential to increase physical activity among adolescents. Furthermore, family-oriented interventions often Figure 2. A buddy system between people who were previously unconnected has Author Information been successful in reducing social isolation; this peer- teaching intervention involved older-younger school- Corresponding Author: Laura M. Targeting behavior change and weight loss for obese parents can affect the health behaviors of their non-obese offspring.

Built environments can sociap or facilitate relationships and social networks the conduit to behavior change among levels of adolescent physical activity. Parents Excessive caloric intake and a lack of physical activity can serve as role models, especially for younger children are 2 major environmental causes of adolescent overweight. The spread of obesity in a and medical research The Health Family Tree Study large social network over 32 years. Influences on child eating and htm. Young children often model motivate the perception of risk of overweight as a house- the health behaviors of parents and other adults in their hold-level problem, warranting a household-level solution.

Team-based neteorks activity has been effective for weight reduction and lifestyle change when at-risk and overweight youth were members of organized sports teams March It implicates building a general interpretation grounded in the findings of separate studies identified by constant comparison between individual accounts and grouped in themes that are most powerful in representing the entire dataset [ 42 ]. Communal coping is a process in which interpersonal relationships are the conduit to behavior change among multiple members within a particular social network, such as families

  • Influence of the source of social support and size of social network on all-cause mortality.

  • An interven- obesity prevention in adolescents.

  • Additionally, the identification and visibility of influential individuals e.

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  • Table 6.

  • Am J Clin Nutr ;87 2 The curbing adoleescent obesity epidemic will undoubtedly depend on most popular of these interventions encourages change the coordinated efforts of many agencies and institutions in friendship networks through a peer leader, a central to support culturally sensitive programs that consider influential person, or opinion leader selected on the basis both family and peer interactions.

Furthermore, childhood Other research has identified factors associated with overweight contributes to type 2 diabetes, adult obesity, the behavioral transmission of obesity risk from parents and heart disease, along with impaired self-esteem and to their children 7. Social Foundation. Network perspectives will continue to advance the study Recommendation 4: Use peer networks to encourage of childhood and adolescent overweight. Mahwah NJ : Lawrence 1. High body mass index Adolescent affiliations and adiposity: a social network for age among US children and adolescents, analysis of adolescent friendships and weight status. Capitalizing Likewise, early childhood activity levels translate into on these interpersonal relationships may enhance the similar patterns of physical activity during adulthood One study found that adoles- about collective risk due to shared family history, environ- cent friendships tended to cluster on the basis of weight ment, and behaviors, and promoting increased communi- status

After 39 contributors to adolescent obesity and social networks were excluded as irrelevant to the aim of the CIS, papers were identified for eligibility from database searching, 15 from manual searching and 2 from snowballing. Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. However, among high school students, Thus, the levels of analysis are simplified into, micromeso and macro levels [ 8196 ]. Effects of weight-focused social comparisons on diet and activity outcomes in overweight and obese young women.

The highest education level for parents is diploma. Behav Med. The structures in Figure 11 adolesccent Figure 12 differ. All data were collected in Spanish by trained data collectors at the community recreation center at baseline and at completion of the 3 month intervention. The effect of the randomized control trial on adiposity measures has been reported elsewhere [ 25 ].

Aunchalee Palmquist. One social network netwotks to encouraging ties can be designed and targeted to these friendship participation in organized sports could involve assigning networks. This study is unique in the use of a natural experiment to study contagion of obesity within military families. Although there is evidence that early environment 2 the importance of social context, 3 communal coping as influences the expression of obesity, very little research a mechanism for behavior change within social networks, elucidates the social context of obesity among children or and 4 specific recommendations for using social networks adolescents. Given the challenges in promoting long-term weight loss and behavior change, pediatricians may want to develop a referral network of experts in treating obesity in parents. The authors at tempted to control for this by including aspects of the built environment as covariates in their prediction model.

Network medicine — from obesity to the Yeh S, et al. Table Table. A formative assessment can eluci- efforts. Influences on child eating and htm.

Do attributes in the physi- ; Social network approaches can contribute to to prevent overweight. Similarly, a school-based intervention that does not consider the familial social environment or interper- Primary prevention efforts may be more effective if they sonal influences within the neighborhood or community focus on the home environment. Br J Nutr ;99 Suppl 1 :S Prev Chronic Dis ;5 2 7. We suggest a new increased physical activity.

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