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Body mass index wikipedia indonesian: Human body weight

Download as PDF Printable version. World Health Organization.

William Thompson
Thursday, September 26, 2019
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  • Sierra Leone.

  • June It is also sometimes called the Quetelet index.

  • Medical Journal of Indonesia. Peter Yan Cardiology Clinic.

  • New York: Springer.

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Archived from the original on 19 December Keys explicitly judged BMI as appropriate for population studies and inappropriate for individual evaluation. Other people have lots of fat and not much muscle.

Syria more. American Journal of Hypertension 58— Population growth rate Natural increase Birth rate Mortality rate Fertility rate Past fertility rate. Abdominal fat is especially active hormonally, secreting a group of hormones called adipokines that may possibly impair glucose tolerance. Obesity in children and adolescents is defined not as an absolute number but in relation to a historical normal group, such that obesity is a BMI greater than the 95th percentile.

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BMC Public Health Main article: Social determinants of obesity. Trinidad and Tobago. Integrated Authority File Germany. Sit-upscrunches and other abdominal exercises are useful in building the abdominal musclesbut they have little effect, body mass index wikipedia indonesian any, on the adipose tissue located there. The values for the scaling exponents for ABSI are roughly similar between the American population and the middle-aged and older Indonesian population, although larger discrepancy was found in women. Certain medications may cause weight gain or changes in body composition ; these include insulinsulfonylureasthiazolidinedionesatypical antipsychoticsantidepressantssteroidscertain anticonvulsants phenytoin and valproatepizotifenand some forms of hormonal contraception.

Obesity plays an important role in the impairment of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism shown in high- carbohydrate diets. Retrieved 19 December BMC Anesthesiology. Papua New Guinea more. PMID

  • Abdominal obesity has not yet become as important in this population as in the American population. This is a list of countries ranked by the proportion of the population that is obese.

  • The duality of the BMI is that, while it is easy to use as a general calculation, it is limited as to how accurate and pertinent the data obtained from it can be. DR Congo more.

  • Ostchega et al.

  • New York: Nova Science.

  • The Lancet.

A BMI that is less than the 5th percentile is considered underweight and above the 95th percentile is considered obese. Turkey more. Monaco more. Obesity Homepage in Japanese.

Meta-analysis of the relation of body mass index to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and hospitalization in patients with chronic heart failure. It is also sometimes called the Quetelet index. North Korea more. Moose and Doc.

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Vatican City. Connecticut Medicine. Bangladesh more. November16 11 : —

PMID Chad more. The BMI depends upon weight and the square of height. Bubnis D ed.

Wlkipedia update this article body mass index wikipedia indonesian reflect recent events or newly available information. Conversely, large framed or tall individuals may be quite healthy, with a fairly low body fat percentagebut be classified as overweight by BMI. February The Daily Telegraph. He S, Chen X Could the new body shape index predict the new onset of diabetes mellitus in the Chinese population?

  • Somers, V. The Lancet.

  • The body mass index or BMI is a measure which shows whether people have the right weight for their height.

  • For women, the regression coefficients 0.

  • Report, together with formal minutes. The Wall Street Journal.

Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. Sudan more. Denmark more. Archived from the original on 19 December From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Greece more.

Between and the U. Meta-analysis of the relation of body mass index to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and hospitalization in patients with chronic heart failure. Bosnia and Herzegovina more. Rwanda more. Waist circumference can be a better indicator of obesity-related disease risk than BMI.

World Health Organization in Russian. Obesity at Curlie "Obesity ". Namespaces Article Talk. Cell Review.

  • The term "non-syndromic obesity" is sometimes used to exclude these conditions.

  • Nicaragua more. Archived from the original on 19 December

  • Wikimedia Commons.

  • Cameroon more.

Jamaica more. Australia more. Age at first marriage Age structure Dependency ratio Divorce rate Ethnic and cultural diversity level Immigrant population Linguistic diversity Median age Net migration rate Number of households Sex ratio Urban population Urbanization. The BMI cut-offs are presented with an emphasis on health risk rather than weight. Use of Percentiles and Z-Scores in Anthropometry. Taiwan more.

Malta more. Morocco more. Colours indicate BMI categories defined by the World Health Organization; underweightnormal weightoverweightmoderately obeseseverely obese and very severely obese. Niger J Health Sci. Canada more. The cut-off for observed risk varies based on populations and subpopulations in Europe, Asia and Africa.

The Ancel Keys Lecture". During Christian times wikopedia food was viewed as a gateway to the sins of sloth and lust. Ancient Greek medicine recognizes obesity as a medical disorder, and records that the Ancient Egyptians saw it in the same way. World obesity prevalence among males left and females right in Annals of Human Biology — Iranian Journal of Public Health.

Changing diet index wikipedia indonesian decreasing physical activity are believed to be the two most important causes for the recent increase in the incidence of child obesity. The Clinical Biochemist Reviews. Retrieved 9 July A review identified ten other possible contributors to the recent increase of obesity: 1 insufficient sleep2 endocrine disruptors environmental pollutants that interfere with lipid metabolism3 decreased variability in ambient temperature, 4 decreased rates of smokingbecause smoking suppresses appetite, 5 increased use of medications that can cause weight gain e. Measure of relative weight based on an individual's mass and height.

Liberia more. November16 11 : — Journal of the American College of Cardiology. When the term BMI is used informally, the units are usually omitted. Greece more. In a quantitative analysis of several studies, involving more thanmen and women, the lowest mortality rates were found for people with BMIs between 23 and 29; most of the 25—30 range considered 'overweight' was not associated with higher risk.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Self-motivation by understanding the risks associated with abdominal obesity is widely regarded as being far more important than worries about cosmetics. This has become particularly common since the HIV epidemic began. Index wikipedia indonesian ability to take advantage of rare periods of abundance by storing energy as fat would be advantageous during times of varying food availability, and individuals with greater adipose reserves would be more likely to survive famine. Current population Demographics of the world. It was common among high officials in Europe in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance [] as well as in Ancient East Asian civilizations. You can help by adding to it.

This is a comprehensive evidence-based wikipedia indonesian to address the management and prevention mxss overweight and obesity in adults and children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. One of the strongest is the link with type 2 diabetes. PLOS Medicine. The World Health Organization indicates people worldwide are taking up less active recreational pursuits, while a study from Finland [] found an increase and a study from the United States found leisure-time physical activity has not changed significantly. This apparent alteration is believed to confer a greater capacity to harvest energy contributing to obesity. Between and the U.

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The exponent in the denominator of the formula for BMI is arbitrary. US National Institutes of Health. Sweden more.

The BMI cut-offs are presented with an emphasis on health index wikipedia rather than weight. Part of a series on. Wikimedia Commons. Italy more. Antigua and Barbuda more. A study that followed 11, subjects for up to eight years concluded that BMI is not a good measure for the risk of heart attack, stroke or death. BMI Prime is a dimensionless number independent of units.

  • Similar to Krakauer and Krakauer, the coefficient were rounded to ratios of small integers for ease of use.

  • Major adult BMI classifications are underweight under Some experts think the Overweight range for people with Asian body types should be 23—

  • Psychiatr Times.

  • Visceral fat cells will release their metabolic by-products in the portal circulationwhere the blood leads straight to the liver. A number of reviews have found an association between short duration of sleep and obesity.

Archived from the original on 11 October Malawi more. Look up body mass index in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata. Most hospitals, even in the United States, now use kilograms for calculations, but use kilograms and pounds together for other purposes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Marshall Islands. One of the strongest is the link with type 2 diabetes. Papua New Guinea. ABC News. Obesity Facts. New York: Springer.

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Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford. BMC Anesthesiology. Singapore more.

Qatar more. Liechtenstein more. PMC Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Myanmar more.

Latvia more. Cape Verde more. Iceland more. Albania more. Greece more. North Korea more.

Liberia more. Neurourology and Urodynamics Review. Trinidad and Tobago. This is not a new idea. Obesity Research.

Burkina Faso. The weight that is viewed as an ideal has become lower since body mass index wikipedia indonesian s. Abnormal obesity and your health. The current WHO and NIH ranges of normal weights are proved to be associated with decreased risks of some diseases such as diabetes type II; however using the same range of BMI for men and women is considered arbitrary and makes the definition of underweight quite unsuitable for men.

BMI is usually expressed in kilograms of weight per metre squared of height. Encyclopedia of Obesity. Indec more. Part of a series on. Inthe same study was conducted for adolescents aged 16 to 18 and the results were that the prevalence for obesity was 2. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. BMC Anesthesiology.

  • However, falling into one's ideal weight range for height and build is still not as accurate in determining health risk factors as waist-to-height ratio and actual body fat percentage.

  • New Zealand more. Cape Verde more.

  • As ofmore than 41 of these sites on the human genome have been linked to the development of obesity when a favorable environment is present.

  • ISSN

Integrated Authority File Germany. Retrieved August 2, Friedman's laboratory. Kopelman; Ian D. It has also changed significantly over time. Kopelman P.

Current density Past and future population density Current real density based on food growing capacity. Slovenia more. Canada more. Clinical Chemistry. Dominica more. Costa Rica more. So, if all body dimensions double, and mass scales naturally with the cube of the height, then BMI doubles instead of remaining the same.

Lebanon more. Samoa more. Body mass index BMI is a value derived from wikipedia indonesian mass weight and height of a person. The body masss index or BMI is a measure which shows whether people have the right weight for their height. A study that followed 11, subjects for up to eight years concluded that BMI is not a good measure for the risk of heart attack, stroke or death.

US National Institutes of Health. Liver Transplantation. Retrieved July 29, It is also sometimes called the Quetelet index.

Bosnia and Herzegovina more. Past and future population World population estimates 1 Population milestones. Guinea-Bissau more. Saint Kitts and Nevis more. Instead of comparison against fixed thresholds for underweight and overweight, the BMI is compared against the percentiles for children of the same sex and age. Saint Lucia more. Slovenia more.

The current WHO and NIH ranges of normal weights are proved to be associated wikiedia decreased risks of some diseases such as diabetes type II; however using the same range of BMI for men and women is considered arbitrary and makes the definition of underweight quite unsuitable for men. General concepts. Qatar" PDF.

Archived from the original on 8 July BBC News. Retrieved 5 September November Sri Lanka.

The relationship between cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors and anthropometric indices boody been explored over the years, with BMI being a key measure. Retrieved 6 October WC and height are both in meters in this equation. Obesity can lead to social stigmatization and disadvantages in employment. The Journal of Clinical Investigation. Endocrinology and Metabolism.

  • Archived from the original on 25 January Ferrera LA, ed.

  • United States more. Spain more.

  • Nauru more.

  • Namespaces Article Talk.

  • From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. New York: Springer.

July 8, January October Hungary more. PMID Georgia more.

Thus, the excess of triglycerides and fatty acids created by the visceral fat cells will go into the liver and accumulate there. By Competing interests: The author has declared that no competing interests exist. Obesity in art: a brief overview. This tendency to store fat, however, would be maladaptive in societies with stable food supplies.

Olympia Ronnie Coleman was Archived from the original on 6 August Burkina Faso more.

Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. The WHO uses these numbers for adults: [3]. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. It is calculated in the same way as for adults but then compared to typical values for other children of the same age.

Between and the U. The WHO uses these numbers for adults: [3]. Hungary more. Ivory Coast more. Saint Lucia more. United Kingdom more. Handbook of Anthropometry.

Add links. Central obesity can be a feature of lipodystrophiesa group of diseases that is either inheritedor due to secondary causes often protease inhibitorsa group of medications against AIDS. Encyclopedia of Obesity. The decrease in strength of correlation was felt to be due to the effects of globalization. Integrated Authority File Germany. Archived from the original on 8 May

Inthe WHO formally recognized obesity as a global epidemic. Krakauer and Krakauer applied the same indrx to analyze the relationship between three quantities to develop the ABSI [11]. Abdominal obesity is known to be a risk factor of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases [3] — [6]. ISSN It is recommended to use both standards.

  • Introduction High blood pressure and overweight and obesity are major risk factors of preventable death in high and middle income countries [1]. Archived from the original on 3 June

  • Monaco more.

  • Clinical Endocrinology.

  • The Health Board. The scaling factor of 1.

  • Romania more.

November29 11 : — Some experts think the Overweight range for people with Lose weight body types should mas 23— Japan more. BMI categories are generally regarded as a satisfactory tool for measuring whether sedentary individuals are underweightoverweightor obese with various exceptions, such as athletes, children, the elderly, and the infirm. Egypt more. Lithuania more. This general correlation is particularly useful for consensus data regarding obesity or various other conditions because it can be used to build a semi-accurate representation from which a solution can be stipulated, or the RDA for a group can be calculated.

Part of a body mass index wikipedia indonesian on. So, if all body dimensions double, and mass scales naturally with the cube of the height, mas BMI doubles instead of remaining the same. Finland more. July 8, Adipose tissue Classification of obesity Genetics of obesity Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome Metabolically healthy obesity Obesity paradox. One study found that BMI had a good general correlation with body fat percentage, and noted that obesity has overtaken smoking as the world's number one cause of death. Waist-to-hip circumference ratio has also been used, but has been found to be no better than waist circumference alone, and more complicated to measure.

NBC News. One study found that BMI had a good general correlation with body fat percentage, and noted that obesity has overtaken smoking as the world's number one cause of death. World Health Organization. Hidden category: Webarchive template wayback links. General concepts.

This section needs to be updated. National Institute of Health. Lancet Review. Retrieved 19 September

This changed in Antigua and Barbuda. Monaco more. A scientist named Ancel Keys first used the term body mass index in Retrieved August 2, Nauru more.

Media in category "Body mass index"

Medical condition. Conclusions The values for the scaling exponents for ABSI are roughly similar between the American population and the middle-aged and older Indonesian population, although larger discrepancy was found in women. Behav Sci Basel. Download as PDF Printable version. National Institutes of Health.

  • France data United States Latvia Japan. Central obesity is a symptom of Cushing's syndrome [37] and is also common in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS.

  • Medical News Today.

  • Retrieved 3 April Journal of Lifestyle Medicine.

  • Archived from the original on 25 May Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

  • Management of obesity.

An additional benefit to exercising is that it reduces stress and insulin levels, which reduce the presence of cortisola hormone that leads to more belly fat deposits and leptin resistance. Retrieved 4 June Sierra Leone more. Online May : W3——W3— From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Browse Subject Areas? Infrastructure in rural parts are worse than in urban areas therefore walking is overly common. Stock; William H. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Management of obesity. World obesity prevalence among males left and females right in

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Libya more. This is a comprehensive evidence-based guideline to address the management and prevention of overweight and obesity in adults and children. Don Fernandez.

Panama more. Liechtenstein more. Views Read Edit View history. PMID Liberia more. Portugal more.

  • This is not a new idea. Oncology [72].

  • Azerbaijan more. Costa Rica more.

  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

  • The relationship is equivalent to [7][12].

  • Taiwan more. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

  • Other environmental factors, such as maternal smokingestrogenic compounds in the diet, and endocrine -disrupting chemicals may be important also.

However, many taller people are not just "scaled up" short people but tend to body mass index wikipedia indonesian narrower frames in proportion to their height [ citation needed ]. Add links. Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis. However, visceral fat is more responsive to the circulation of catecholamines. American Heart Journal Research Support. Agricultural policy and techniques in the United States and Europe have led to lower food prices. Obese people consistently under-report their food consumption as compared to people of normal weight.

Paraguay more. The New England Journal of Medicine. Excess fat around the stomach and abdomen. Saudi Arabia. The generally accepted definition and classification of obesity is attributed by the World Health Organization where it is generally classified by a person's weight measured by the Body Mass Index BMI scale. Secondly, it compares the relative strength of association between anthropometric indices and incident hypertension. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation.

Archived from the original on 16 December Sedentary lifestyle, Cushing's syndromealcoholism, polycystic ovarian syndromePrader-Willi syndrome. Some experts think the Overweight range for people with Asian body types should be 23—

  • BBC News. BMI is used differently for children.

  • Archived from the original on Population growth rate Natural increase Birth rate Mortality rate Fertility rate Past fertility rate.

  • Chart showing body mass index BMI for a range of heights and weights in both metric and imperial. Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children.

  • El Salvador more. The obesity paradox in acute coronary syndrome: a meta-analysis.

  • A study that followed 11, subjects for up to eight years concluded that BMI is not a good measure for the risk of heart attack, stroke or death.

France data United States. Malaysia more. They included measurements of blood pressure, WC, hip circumference HC and other physical health variables of participants who were 40 years old or above and non-pregnant. This article needs to be updated.

In women, estrogen is body mass index wikipedia indonesian to cause fat to be stored in the buttocksthighsand hips. Machines like the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry DXA can accurately measure the percentage and weight of fat, muscle, and bone in a body. PLOS Medicine. Retrieved 25 February ISSN X. The economic development in north-eastern Asia may be leading to less traditional lifestyle and nutritional status.

Wikipedia list article. European Journal indohesian Nutrition. Retrieved 18 October Many cultures throughout history have viewed obesity as the result of a character flaw. Obesity Homepage in Japanese. An additional benefit to exercising is that it reduces stress and insulin levels, which reduce the presence of cortisola hormone that leads to more belly fat deposits and leptin resistance.

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